The interpretation of the results of biochemical analysis is carried out by a specialist on the basis of laboratory norms and their compliance with the identified indicators. Biochemical tests investigate these metabolic pathways, such as amino acids, organic acids, and fatty acids, using sample types such as blood and urine. Abrupt changes in the composition of the blood will be noticeable even with distorted jogging behind the bus or morning cup of coffee indicators, however, slightly exceeding the limit of the norm or approaching it, indicating the development of the disease, may change due to non-compliance with the rules of preparation for the analysis of biochemistry and lead to inaccurate and unreliable interpretation . These tests can be done on an empty stomach or not, and are usually accompanied by a complete blood count (CBC). Some types of proteins have a specific color, most often due to the combination with metals (iron, copper, chromium). Blood work is a very important diagnostic tool that provides a significant amount of information about your pet’s health. The biochemical profile is a series of blood tests used to evaluate the functional capacity of several critical organs and systems, such as the liver and kidneys. Both the increase and decrease in the concentration of amylase in relation to the norm have diagnostic value. A basic metabolic panel measures sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), magnesium, creatinine, glucose, and sometimes calcium. about your pet’s health. Blood lipids (fats) make up the lipid spectrum. Alaminoninotransferase (ALT) indicators mainly characterize the efficiency of the liver, but can also report disorders of skeletal muscle and cardiac muscle. Several other biochemical, endocrine, and haematological blood tests differ considerably between paediatric and adult populations, as highlighted by the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) data.20 21 22 CHMS, a programme of Statistics Canada, obtained health information and blood samples from Canadians aged 3 to 80 years. Source for information on Biochemical Analysis Techniques: World of Microbiology and Immunology dictionary. Doctors evaluate the general symptoms, complaints, features of professional activity, the presence in the history of diseases and genetic propensities. With the help of a biochemical blood test, you can find out about the presence of foci of inflammation in the body, identify violations in the work of all systems and organs. The norms that experts are guided by in deciphering analyzes are based on the study of the influence of averaging factors – blood is taken on an empty stomach, at rest, without prior active actions and activating the digestive system. Many specialized tests are available too. Self-deciphering of the tests most often provides an extremely superficial idea of ​​the state of health and can cause incorrect self-diagnostics and subsequent self-treatment, as when interpreting the results it is necessary to take into account not only the age and sex indicators, but also the influence of existing and past diseases, taking certain medications that can affect the composition of the blood, and also to consider the picture of the analysis in the complex: many indicators indicate the presence of various processes, like both physiological and pathological, and only a specialist can correctly interpret the reason for the change in blood composition. A comprehensive biochemical blood test (BAC) is recommended for prophylactic purposes to monitor the health and early diagnosis of diseases each year, as well as developing somatic or infectious diseases, during the course of the disease and during the clinical recovery phase. Biochemical analysis of blood is a comprehensive laboratory diagnosis, conducted to assess the condition of internal organs and systems and to identify the body’s need for trace elements and its level of satisfaction. When is an analysis of bilirubin fractions assigned? Understanding the biochemical profile can be difficult but reveals a wealth of information. They also measure the levels of fats and sugar circulating the body. Thrush in men: symptoms, signs and treatment. Biochemical test results are usually compared to a normal value chosen arbitrarily to include 95% of healthy individual in any population. If further analysis is required to refine the results, biochemistry should be carried out under conditions as close as possible to the first fence. Laboratory, radiology, sleep and genetic | Biron, COVID-19 infection testing and serological test, Sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections, Functional Capacity or Abilities Evaluation. Tests that focus on cholesterol levels can determine LDL and HDL cholesterol levels, as well as triglyceride levels. Both elevated and decreased sodium in the blood can lead to minor changes in well-being, and, depending on concentration, to pathological conditions and coma. In addition to making blood tests easier for doctors, the ease and affordability of the chips make the tests accessible to the general public. While robotic blood analysis machines can cost $10,000, a microchip only runs about $25. All three indicators are important and may indicate the presence of diseases and pathologies. Biochemical reactions are very important in the identification of bacterial isolates and in the identification of different bacterial species. Normally, the indicator of total cholesterol in a healthy adult is within 3.0-5.2 mmol / l. From 40 to 60% of the total cholesterol is “good” cholesterol. While robotic blood analysis machines can cost $10,000, a microchip only runs about $25. Medical laboratory technician determines the number of indicators that reflect the state of metabolism and the activity of certain enzymes found in the blood serum. Taste receptors help to activate the pancreas and insulin production; one day before the analysis it is not recommended to take hormonal, diuretic, antibacterial, thrombo-absorbing drugs, drugs affecting blood viscosity, etc.. if it is necessary to diagnose the amount of cholesterol in the blood against the background of statin administration, the course of therapy (as agreed with the specialist) should be stopped within 10-14 days; if re-examination is required to clarify the results, blood should be taken with the most similar conditions: the same laboratory, time of day, up to the route from home to the place of blood collection (on foot or by transport). Diagnosis is based on the ratio of bilirubin fractions. A basic metabolic panel measures sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), magnesium, creatinine, glucose, and sometimes calcium.Tests that focus on cholesterol levels can determine LDL and HDL cholesterol levels, as well as triglyceride levels.. In most cases, exceeding the norm means the presence of liver disease and / or pathologies of the biliary tract. Pancreatic lipase is recognized as a more valuable indicator for the diagnosis of pancreatic diseases than amylase, and is used to clarify the diagnosis and extent of organ damage. Particular attention is primarily paid to free bilirubin, as it is toxic to the body. When assessing blood parameters, three types of hemoglobinogenic pigment are distinguished: total bilirubin, the amount of direct (bound, conjugated) bilirubin and the level of indirect (free, unbound, unconjugated). Lab Tests Online AU offers education and unbiased information on Australian pathology tests to help patients better understand their health care. Biochemical Blood Analysis Technique. A biochemical profile is a blood test that assesses the function of internal organs, measures the electrolytes such as blood potassium, and identifies the levels of circulating enzymes. BIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS PROCEDURES CRIME LABORATORY DIVISION May 2019 . Failure to comply with the above conditions leads to the receipt of distorted results and the formulation of an incorrect diagnosis. If an outside laboratory is used, results are generally available within 1 to 2 days. ; during the previous day, it is necessary to avoid high physical activity and thermal procedures (bath, sauna, long hot bath); You need to donate blood before taking daily medications, conducting additional medical procedures and manipulations (injections, intravenous administration of drugs, physical studies – X-ray, fluorography, etc., visits to the dentist); On the day of blood sampling, you must refrain from physical activity, morning jogging or a long walk to the laboratory. Phosphatase types and their diagnostic value. Clinical analysis is more enhanced by the aid of biochemical analysis of blood at Your email address will not be published. Lipase is responsible for the breakdown of neutral fats. It uses chemical reactions to determine the levels of various chemical compounds in bodily … Most people know that its high content signals the presence of diabetes or a pre-diabetic condition. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a01053e7210e8f9a354005168e2ffd06" );document.getElementById("a17451c11d").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); © 2020 Doc Said - a portal of medical news and articles, Preparing for biochemistry analysis: how not to distort the results, Average values ​​of indicators: norm for adults, Causes of fluctuations in the level of nitrogenous compounds. A public resource on pathology lab testing from the professionals who do the testing. What is included in the biochemical blood test In the detailed biochemistry, including the maximum number of studies, there is no need for analysis for the purposes of preventive examination, as well as for individual complaints and symptoms. According to the biochemical parameters of blood composition, primary diagnostics of the functioning of the liver, kidneys, pancreas, and other organs are carried out, data is obtained on metabolic processes (lipid, protein, carbohydrate metabolism). A biochemical profile is a blood test that assesses the function of internal organs, measures the electrolytes such as blood potassium, and identifies the levels of circulating enzymes. To take into account the influence of various factors when interpreting the results, it is recommended to contact a specialist who assesses the patient’s general history and a complex blood picture, and not just the results of the indicator compliance with the norms in the table. low protein synthesis in liver diseases (hepatitis, cirrhosis); long-term courses of therapy with glucocorticosteroids; development of tumor formations (malignant tumors of the bladder, stomach); low nutrient absorption in the intestines with enteritis, colitis, pancreatitis, celiac disease; diseases and pathologies of the structure, accompanied by accumulation of plasma (ascites, pleurisy, pericarditis). In a complex and changing environment, medical professionals need to surround themselves with partners who are committed, flexible, efficient and creative. © 2020 Biron Health Group. Some of the normal values ​​for adults are shown in the table. In most cases, the excess of the normal amount of amylase in the blood accompanies pancreatic diseases and pathologies. In a study comparing variation that occurred in serum biochemical analysis of human blood with Cobas Mira seralyzers, the coefficient of variation for a given test ranged from 0.54% to 3.64%, depending on the analyte and whether the analysis was performed on the same run or on a subsequent run at a later time. Your email address will not be published. Biochemistry is often prescribed for prophylactic purposes or in the presence of anxiety symptoms. Clinical chemistry refers to the biochemical analysis of body fluids. In the body, cholesterol is in two basic forms – high molecular weight with proteins and low molecular weight. Coagulation studies and the modified Clauss method of measurement the acute phase protein fibrinogen can only be carried out using sodium citrate containers. Blood tests are one of a doctor's basic tools to check your health or test for certain conditions, illnesses, and abnormalities. The department is actively working towards gaining accreditation for the full repertoire of tests offered. ), Injuries, brain neoplasms (often pituitary), Tumors, pathologies of the adrenal cortex, Thyrotoxicosis, pathologies of the thyroid gland, Long-term uncontrolled intake of insulin-containing drugs, hypoglycemic drugs, Encephalitis, meningoencephalitis, meningitis, Increased excitability, unstable psycho-emotional state, Insufficiency of the adrenal cortex function, Long-term treatment with glucocorticosteroids. For clarification on blood test abbreviations other than those listed above just ask your medical professional. In the diagnostic biochemical test, the level of total cholesterol, low and high density lipoproteins (“bad” and “good” cholesterol), triglycerides is evaluated, and the atherogenic coefficient is calculated based on the ratio of components. toxic effects, poisoning, anemia of hemolytic etiology, pathological processes in the spleen, accompanied by its hyperfunction, accelerate the breakdown of pigment protein and increase the amount of unbound bilirubin to amounts that do not have time to be processed in the liver and accumulate in the blood and tissues; liver failure that occurs with hepatitis, cirrhosis, injuries, liver tumors, in which the body is not able to process the prescribed amount of bilirubin; for violations of the outflow of bile from the gallbladder, accompanied by squeezing of the biliary tract, bilirubin re-penetrates the bloodstream and then – into the tissue. Scientists have found neurons responsible for the memory of the place, Kratom turned out to be dangerous for the liver, 11 signs of heart disease that should not be ignored, Urine analysis: norms and interpretation of indicators in adults and children, What indicators of a general blood test show oncology, Chamomile: properties and contraindications, What vitamins should adults take to boost immunity. All rights reserved. These tests can be done on an empty stomach or not, and are usually accompanied by a complete blood count (CBC). Sodium entering the body with food and liquids (sodium chloride – table salt), is responsible for the level of osmotic pressure in the tissues and the acid-base balance. Any physical activity affects the blood picture and makes it difficult to interpret the results;