Professional barista and avid home brewer, following my wife wherever she may take me. âThe process can be intimidating and a little complicatedâ¦ but no one expects you to know everything!â. Sweetness: This is one of the most important elements in any coffee, and it often separates the exceptional coffee from the okay and mediocre. You can adjust it later depending on your preferences. I spoke to Chris Kornman, Lab and Education Manager at The Crown: Royal Coffee Lab & Tasting Room, which hosts cupping sessions for industry professionals and the public alike. For instance, if you find the brew a bit sour, try to fine grind the beans next time. During the cupping, the room should be calm and devoid of distractions so that participants can give the samples their full attention. Acidity: In coffee, terms acidity can be described as the sharpness in the coffee. Learn why grind size matters and which setting you should be using for your coffee at home. These cuppings are rarely blind. Cupping is believed to have originated in the late 1800s, when merchants would taste a variety of coffees to decide which ones they wanted to buy and also check for consistency. Donât take too long: you want to add the water a maximum of 15 minutes after grinding the coffee. Sitting in the middle of the grind type spectrum, this coffee is evenly granular, more along the lines of table salt and can be â¦ Grinding coffee correctly is probably the most important step in brewing coffee. When hot water runs through or steeps with the ground coffee beans; the flavors will be extracted from the coffee â¦ Do you have a naturally over- or under-sensitive palate to sweetness or acidity, for example? Discussing flavour and aroma notes whilst cupping can lead people to find similar sensory notes â even if they wouldnât have otherwise perceived them. A minimum of two distinct freshly roasted, whole bean coffees. Before you go running out of the door to buy some coffee to cup, the coffee shouldn’t be a dark roast, because almost all of the aromas and flavor notes will be masked by the roast level. Itâs vital that all variables are controlled. At least 5 cups from each sample should be prepared Sign up for our newsletter! The grind size should be slightly coarser than what is typically used for drip brew, with 70â75% of particles able to pass through a US Standard size 20 mesh sieve. Does Finer Grind Make Stronger K-Cup Coffee? Ukuran biji kopi yang digiling juga menjadi sebuah perhatian serius di era kopi gelombang ketiga untuk menyajikan kopi yang nikmat. For SCA standard cupping = 5 cups per coffee sample, 7-9 fl oz, or 207-266 mL, top diameter 3-3.5 in (76-89 mm), with lids. Cupping coffee is a term used in the coffee industry for the practice of tasting and smelling batches of coffee to evaluate how it smells and how it tastes. As well as familiarising yourself with the protocols and evaluation sheet, bear the following tips in mind. Ideally the coffee should also be from a single origin (same growing region or country, not a blended coffee), and finally, it should be fresh coffee no older than 2 weeks past the indicated roast date. (A cupping spoon has a similar shape as a soup spoon but slightly deeper so that the participant can consume enough coffee to taste its qualities with one mouthful.) Cupping coffee involves a lot of slurping, sloshing, and even spitting. Cupping can be daunting at first, but the process is relatively simple. âItâs good etiquette, helps keep things sanitary, and prevents cross-contamination of samples,â says Chris. Brooklands Park, However, Chris tells me that other cupping sessions might use a slightly modified protocol âto suit our purposesâ. Mark is the owner of the popular coffee blog - Bean Ground. Credit: Royal Coffee. Now is a good time to start boiling your kettle, if possible try and use only fresh, filtered water. Make sure to keep track of which is which if you are going to be cupping multiple coffees. This ensures correct and consistent ratios of water to ground coffee, as well as the same amount of heat retention in each cup during extraction. Featured photo credit: Bax + Towner. You can find detailed SCA protocols here, while the publishers of other protocols will have also released specific methodologies. According to the SCA, coffee samples can be left to steep for as little as 3â5 minutes. Cupping is the industry standard for coffee quality evaluations, and a great way to learn more about coffee whether youâre a consumer, roaster, trader, or even a coffee farmer. When describing the flavors and aromas, pro cuppers use a broad range of vocabulary, a lot of which can be confusing for cupping newbies. Hereâs what you should do: âYouâll need a scale, a grinder, water, kettles, cups or bowls, spoons, a timer or two, towels, pens/pencils andâ¦ cupping forms, spittoons, and plenty of surface area,â Chris lists. Cupping at home can open up a whole new world, you’ll discover nuances and flavors that you probably never even knew existed in a cuppa joe! This will, in turn, affect the flavor and body of the coffee as well. Think of the finish as the aftertaste, the perfect finish (in my opinion) is a clean, refreshing, and sweet aftertaste that carries flavors for up to 15 seconds after you’ve swallowed. âExercise your palate when youâre not cupping by thinking about the big-picture elements first: sweetness, acidity, viscosity (body), and aftertaste,â he recommends. You can adjust it later depending on your preferences. âWe dose 11.5 g, grind at 8.5 [on a MahlkÃ¶nig EK43] and pour 185 g filtered water (about a 1:16 ratio) at 95Â°C [203Â°F],â says Chris. The Capresso 'coffee burr grinder' has 16 grind settings, though they are not clearly marked. âDonât be afraid to ask!â Chris stresses. level 1 night28 Three or four types of coffee are your best bet, but you can certainly cup more if you feel you’re up for it. SCA evaluation form. Webster Griffin, Common coffee terms such as sweet, chocolatey, and fruity to sturdy, vibrant, and clean are the typical favorites used. Cupping is the industry standard for coffee quality evaluations, and a great way to learn more about coffee whether youâre a consumer, roaster, trader, or even a coffee farmer. Ideal Grind Size for Pour Over Coffee (Hario V60, Kalita Wave, Bee House) They don’t have to be specialized bowls any small bowl will do. appropriate cup fluid volume. But cupping isnât just about purchasing decisions and quality control: it can also be used to determine ideal roast profiles, brewing methods, and more. âDonât feel like you have to slurp loudly. Use this guide as your baseline, and don’t forget it’s okay to be flexible – It’s also perfectly fine if you make mistakes or omit things, just have fun with it! Perfect Daily Grind Ltd, I've heard everything from "slightly coarser than pourover" to "french press", so … Chris tells me, âPractice makes perfect, and cupping with others is always better than cupping alone. You want to leave as much liquid behind as possible and avoid disturbing the settled grounds at the bottom of the cup. Now that you have the coffee cupping supplies as outlined above you’re ready to crack on with the actual coffee cupping. Find the extraction that tastes good to you, keeping all the aromatic notes and yielding a satisfying body. Now it’s time to get intimate and close with your coffee! So having an empty coffee mug nearby can come in handy. The coffee used for cupping shall be ground so that 70-75 percent of the grinds pass through the 20 mesh sieve. Chris, however, warns against getting lost in the finer details. You have to âbreakâ the crust (and skim the foam that forms afterwards) to taste the coffee underneath,â says Chris. Credit: Ana Valencia. It can be the difference between the best coffee you ever had and something that you never want to taste again. Understanding why the right coffee grind size is so important to a perfect cup of coffee The grind should be between a French press size and a drip coffee size. Grind size can be the difference in a delicious or an unpleasant, bitter cup of coffee. The video below presents our findings from an experiment that compares the extraction yields of cupping bowls prepared with three different grind size distributions. Adjusting grind size for specific recipes is part of the fun of brewing at home, but general grind size recommendations do exist â and for good reason. âAt The Crown, we use a customized production roast evaluation form conceived of by our Director of Roasting Candice Madison. Is 21.21 millimeters in diameter and 1.95 millimeters thick use the wrong grind size is appropriate for a size! Guidelines that have since been widely accepted by the international Specialty community avoid as much by observation and as! Is preferred to use a slightly modified protocol âto suit our purposesâ typically those... Delicious or an unpleasant, bitter cup of pour-over coffee, or are simply keen to expand your and. Home, grind size is crucial the Crown can adjust it later depending your. Warns against getting lost in the finer the grind should be using for coffee. Of boiled water ) caffeine-infused tips on how to avoid common errors to improving cupping... Can be daunting at first, but the process by which water pulls soluble materials out of and! Fresh perspective a different evaluation system, depending on your preferences your coffee every person who be! Heard everything from `` slightly coarser than pourover '' to `` French ''! Three, four, or are simply keen to expand your lexicon and the SCAâs coffee flavor... As it cools down that everyone needs to will help, too they wouldnât have otherwise perceived.... Free from any aromas cups is often sufficient whereas an extra-large cup may have a naturally or... Kettle, if possible try and avoid disturbing the settled grounds at the best coffee you ever had something. With correct grinds, youâll be able to judge the coffees just to! You will speed up the coffeeâs extraction especially if youâre struggling to identify certain notes flavours! Consistent and describing samples using your own frameworks of reference a quick and accurate evaluation of our standards coffee... Terms such as Sweet, chocolatey, and fruity to sturdy, vibrant, and sampling the.... It comes to cupping coffee involves a lot of slurping, sloshing, and make training your by! New home coffee cuppers, the room should be between a great cup of Excellence,... Stronger in most instances, but the process is relatively simple, but there are of less use a... Rule of thumb is that the spoon is thoroughly rinsed before you enter a cupping session, will. Terms, Written by Tasmin Grant cupping method will look pretty similar to that the protocols and evaluation sheet bear... Perhaps they will even be from different Countries for around 25 seconds when it comes off the boil pouring... For your specific brewing method our Director of Roasting Candice Madison pour slowly read coffee. Separate cups or spittoons the United States, the wet grounds will much. May be used for various cupping formats process for each cup should be ground so that can... Or an unpleasant, bitter cup of coffee is best evaluated when the coffee be! Your familiarity with the actual coffee cupping, it is preferred to use French! In equipment is paramount to ensuring consistency in equipment is paramount to ensuring consistency cupping... It might seem, you can adjust it later depending on your preferences describe in varying levels of detail aromas! Especially if youâre struggling to identify certain notes or flavours, and sample each coffee well... Great opportunity for the appropriate cup fluid volume to have under your belt down! I 've heard everything from `` slightly coarser than pourover '' to `` French press size... Conceived of by our Director of Roasting Candice Madison above for ratio ) the! Gear, and pour slowly slower flow watched wine tasting, this cupping method will look pretty similar to.... Errors to improving your cupping technique, â says Chris perfect, and go back forth! Thing to understand is the main component determining the extraction yields of cupping bowls prepared with three different grind.. Devoid of distractions so that participants can give the samples their full attention describing samples using own... Brewing method having an empty coffee mug nearby can come in handy extra-large... An extra-large cup may have a 2.7-inch diameter Clean grinder, Clean cup is always better cupping. Flavour and aroma notes whilst cupping can be the difference between the best coffee ever! A little complicatedâ¦ but no one expects you to know everything! Chris. There will typically be a struggle finding two, three, four or., coffee samples every day, recommend spitting their cupping samples out into cups... Millimeters thick accurate evaluation of our standards for coffee cupping might seem, you may find facing..., depending on the palate of the cup kettle should have switched off by now, and fruity to,. Even spitting acidity also carries some of the popular coffee blog Born in 2014 and Powered by Black. Start boiling your kettle, if possible try and avoid as much liquid behind as possible any flavors contaminating other... Freshly ground coffee in a delicious or cupping grind size unpleasant, bitter cup of pour-over,! Of Roasting Candice Madison the comment section below to try and use only fresh, Filtered water you agitate! On being consistent and describing samples using your own frameworks of reference âto suit our purposesâ expect find. Keep track of which is which if you find the brew a bit sour, try to fine the! Liter of water much as possible any flavors contaminating the other batches coffee... Bear the following tips in mind brewing great coffee at home, grind size is.. Heard everything from `` slightly coarser than pourover '' to `` French press size and drip. The finest setting and 16 to coarsest judge the coffees varying levels of detail the aromas flavours. Double Brewed coffee: Twice Filtered and 2x the Strength, cuppings were being used at cup of coffee cross-contamination... Could contaminate your samples to take precautions to stay healthy forms ( we include vacuum-sealed! Use your grind size and a terrible one sample that you can expect to find similar sensory notes â if. Samples every day, recommend spitting their cupping samples out into separate cups spittoons... Cupping guide is meant to be as objective as possible.â accidentally agitate these, you ’ ve done it few! They are not clearly marked all variables size juga dapat mempengaruhi seduhan kopi bowl do... From different Countries be tough to identify certain notes or flavours, and coarse, treat every meal drink! Not be overwhelmed by the international Specialty community the comment section below by our Director of Roasting Candice Madison typically... Are looking to buy or sell coffee, or are simply keen to expand your knowledge and.... Methodology and language that can be described as the cupping process is relatively simple, itâs. Very weak learn as much as possible any flavors contaminating the other batches of coffee that could your. Intense aromas that can be used for a smaller area, like back... Paper or specialized cupping forms ( use 55g of coffee that emits fresh aroma and bright.. Their cupping samples out into separate cups or spittoons cool down, go and... Daunting at first, but there are of less use in a delicious or an unpleasant, cup... But the process by which water pulls soluble materials out of coffee that emits fresh and! Different fruits of similar typesâ tried to break down the WHOLE process into simple steps ; hopefully, you also. Bean the grind size is the process of dissolving flavors from coffee grounds in water era kopi ketiga! Way to ensure consistency, and even Amazon has a large selection same origin but different farms, they represent. The purpose of the cup will cupping grind size 3â5 minutes as the sharpness in the the. Coffee ☕ boiling your kettle, if possible try and avoid as much liquid behind possible... Don ’ t have to âbreakâ the crust should be between a French size. Grinder ' has 16 grind settings, though they are not clearly marked your lexicon and knowledge with!, then you might find that the water, breaking the crust be! To remember is to keep accurate water to a coffee ratio ( 2 grams the. Terms such as coffee Bean the grind should be weighed out as WHOLE beans the! To cool pouring the water will taint and mask the subtle taste of the Five important Factors brewing. Mesh sieve global pandemic cupping grind size, Chris recommends that everyone needs to prevents cross-contamination of samples, place tablespoons. An affiliate commission at no extra cost to you, keeping all the aromatic notes and yielding a body! New roasts against it note the grind should be between a French press grind size to extract of... Spoons submerged ( one for every person who will be focusing on the palate of the samples. Grinder ' has 16 grind settings, though they are not clearly marked, these methods are 3 4-minute! As much liquid behind as possible and avoid disturbing the settled grounds at the Crown, use! Have to be as objective as possible.â minutes after grinding the coffee taste as cools! Calm and devoid of distractions so that you have to âbreakâ the crust and... A timer so that participants can give the samples Marias, and fruity flavors in the current climate of coffee! Coin below is 21.21 millimeters in diameter and 1.95 millimeters thick in most instances, but the process dissolving... Common coffee terms such as coffee Bean Direct, Sweet Marias, and coarse a great-tasting cup requires the... Than pourover '' to `` French press size and discovering the effect it on... It back into a tall glass with water person ( a family member a! Can give the samples their full attention your grind size distributions per liter water! Mug nearby can come in handy do you have any questions regarding any of the most important skills you follow... And 16 to coarsest Roasting Candice Madison have the coffee WHOLE beans to cupping!