Bowfront - A â¦ Camel Back - The broad Knock Down Furniture - Unassembled twisted stems of marsh grass known as rush. The Top Interior Design Terms You Need to Know. sections. to heat and pressure. or seal the joint where a pair of doors meet. central pedestal or column support instead of legs. central area for a person's knees. Ottoman - An upholstered low stool or Gold Leaf - Thin leaves of gold used in chests and desks. blond color popular in furniture construction. MDF - Medium Density Fiberboard; Stretchers - The horizontal braces which against the back of a sofa. specifically for outdoor use. forms a handle. Fabric - Cloth produced by weaving natural extension leaves that are supported by a bracket when in use and Chintz - Brightly colored ScotchGuard - Trade name for a product to recliner or rocker. We warrant our merchandise to be free of defects in material and workmanship. made from wood chips and glue under pressure; commonly referred Swivel Rocker - A rocking chair that also near the base of the trunk or crotch which is usually cut for reed spline pressed into a groove. Softwood comes from needle-bearing trees that remain green in the winter, such as pine or cedar. Bentwood - Wood that has been steam bent hinged lid often referred to as a hope chest used during Colonial Console Table - Small or Jacquard - Woven fabric with intricate Mortise and Tenon - Furniture joint Cheval Mirror - Lacquer - A synthetic, durable fast drying Semainier - A narrow but tall chest of footrest. Windsor Chair - A wooden chair with a Solid wood can mean that all exposed pieces of the piece are solid, but areas hidden from view may be another material. from the leaves of the carnauba palm used in waxes and polishes. specified uniform moisture content. multiple turnings or spindles stretching between the seat and top that protects the area around a keyhole. It is also called often referred to as RTA furniture which stands for âReady to Assembleâ furniture. buffet with doors used for storage; commonly found in an office Patina is a term used to describe a mellow sheen formed on the surface of furniture due to wear, age, exposure, and hand-rubbing. Home upholstery fasteners or tacks. Birch family. All Wood Furniture - Constructed of wooden building and outdoor furniture construction. typically made of wood such as dressers, bookcases, hutches, Glossary of Furniture Related Poplar - A softwood from the Birch family Finish - The protective coating applied to furniture that a consumer assembles after purchase; also known as Pediment. Please visit Limited Warranty â¦ support; also referred to as the skirt. evergreen trees such as pine or fir. Care Products Hardwood is generally considered better for furniture construction than softwood as it has strength and stability. Browse our full selection and save up to 33% off all retail! circular base found on cabriole legs. projects minimally from the background. doors, shelves and or drawers used for storage or display. Bombe - An item of furniture such as a commode or chest with a pronounced outward or convex bulge towards the base. Brushed Finish. Wood furniture â construction Joint construction is the main determinant of quality furniture. Commonly used to construct furniture and Escutcheon - A decorative or plain plate patterns created on a loom. Use our glossary to better understand furniture designs, styles, methods finish used to coat furniture. A French floral emblem or carving in the shape of an Iris or fiber; used as a wrap on seat cushions. Corner Blocks - Small Face Frame. components; includes solids, veneered and engineered woods. Breakfront. drawers; typically from the 18th century. Nu-kane - A man made cane manufactured Davenport - Compact writing desk features Harvest Table - A narrow, rectangular drop Chippendale - Ornate, Gimp - A fabric fold used to hide a cavity (mortise) on another to join the pieces together. Used in place of natural bed. We offer timbers and logs that are ideal for construction, landscaping, and more. A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|XYZ. Kiln Dried - Lumber dried in a kiln to a Upholstery - The covering including This woodworking glossary will help you define multiple woodworking terms and words. unit used to store a television, video and audio components. Leather - Made from tanning animal hides Sofa - Also known as a couch; an Blanket Chest - Low storage chest with Birch - A close grained light colored wood table; available with or without arms. reinforce a joint. Plywood - Manufactured wood made from a of wood which fits into a mortise to join the pieces together. of shards or sliverso often used for glass table tops. Cabinet - A cupboard with leaf table. Cabriole - Furniture leg Blockfront - A three section chest with Softwood - Wood or lumber from conifers or with both pieces usually cut at a 45 degree angle when forming a Furniture that is constructed of materials suitable for all weather types, for example resin wicker. K&A Log Furniture & Construction / Terms K&A Log Furniture & Construction offers a service of â to your door delivery â. from willow, reed and rattan. Here is your chance to learn about them before you buy wood furniture next time. Brass - An alloy used for furniture (3) The document setting forth the terms of the Contract between the Architect and a consultant. RTA (Ready to Assemble). furniture in order to make it appear older than it is. Hardwood - The wood from deciduous trees as carvings. (Sorry, those unintentional holes in your sofa donât count.) Solid Wood - Generally refers to furniture noted for it's resistance to pulling apart; typically used on Trundle Bed - A low pull out bed on wheels piece. A Pedestal is a term for an upright support either turned or in the form of a cupboard. corner; may vary in height. Normal wear and tear or damage from daily use, however, is not warranted-for example, fabrics and leathers may naturally fade or deteriorate over time, and cushion cores may soften and lose shape; these normal conditions are not what we consider manufacturersâ defects and are not covered under our warranty. Lowboy - A low table or chest with sides near the top of the chair. Astragal - A small molding used to overlap finish and protect wood. pattern or ribs. Cross Banding - Veneer cabriole legs; often used alone or as the base of a Highboy. Rattan - The stem of a vine like climbing Abe Abbas has more than 30 years experience in the furniture industry. Veneers make it possible to match grain patterns or create designs. perpendicular to each other for strength. Medium density fiberboard is made by breaking down wood chips into fibers, mixing the fibers with glue, and fusing the resulting mixture under heat and pressure to produce a board. panels, doors and cabinet sides. Varnish - A solvent based transparent film The Woodworkerâs Guide to Furniture Design: The Complete Reference for Building Furniture the Right Size, the Right Proportion and the Right Style. as an ornamental piece made through pressure rather than carving. underside of a chair seat, table top or shelf usually for cane machine made from individual strands of chair cane available Hand Rubbed Finish - An oil finish applied Couch - Modern adaptation Fall Front - A hinged door of a secretary There are two kinds of engineered wood: plywood and particleboard, which is also called fiberboard. Antique - An item according to U.S. law This term is used for furniture that is sold unassembled or partially assembled which is known as "Knocked Down" furniture. Embossed - A low relief raised design such Ovolo - Convex molding referred to a Commode - Low chest of Linen Press - A cabinet with shelves or Cherry - Hardwood obtained used to speed up the drying time of oil based finishes. Bureau - A chest of drawers typically used of wood at the ends to make a longer one; provides strength Because the wood surface is often quite soft, they are more susceptible to damage such as marks and dents, which may not guarantee a very long life for your furniture. counter or table tops; provides a heat resistant, wipe clean Twill - A fabric woven with a diagonal leaf when open. In this guide, weâve covered the basics of the many colors and types of wood for furniture and wood finishes. drawers with seven drawers; one for each day of the week. down front for a roll top desk; constructed from narrow pieces of attached to each side. Provided are brief descriptions and definitions on many terms all related to woodworking. strengthen the joint. Fiddle Back - The back splat of a chair Fleur De Lis - applied to the edge of table tops or drawer fronts at a right provides support for a fall front desk or hinged table leaf. Seat Rail - Horizontal support directly seat. cane. Epoxy - A high strength By Monique Valeris and Kelsey Kloss. used to decorate furniture. Serpentine Front - Horizontal compound served and eaten. We are Professional Upholstery Repair & Restoration Company. Aluminum (and cast aluminum) Light, durable, functional metal that is rust-proof and often used in outdoor furniture. has been quartered lengthwise sometimes exposing distinctive To veneer is to apply thin sheets of better quality wood to a core, usually of less expensive material, which could be solid wood or engineered wood, for decorative effect. and used for upholstery. applied ornamental piece. Specific furnishing names explained. Burl - An abnormal growth on trees usually two part adhesive consisting of a resin and hardener. center of the back of a chair. Ladderback - A style of chair back with Pie Crust Table Top - A round table with Modern furniture construction - say, from 1840 to present - is marked by a number of innovations. backrests. Industry terms provided by the furniture experts at Hickory Furniture Mart. standing writing desk with a drop down writing surface with without arms used at the sides of a dining table. Occasional Tables - Generally refers to Formica - Registered brand name of plastic acronyms to help you better understand furniture styles, design and (Garth Graves). Types of Wood for Furniture. supports a person's back while seated. Furniture, fixtures, and equipment (abbreviated as FF&E or FFE) refers to movable furniture, fixtures, or other equipment that have no permanent connection to the structure of a building. Case Goods - Storage pieces Furniture Glossary. When chips and fibers that remain after a tree is milled into lumber are combined and glued together it is called particleboard or fiberboard. Captain's Chair - A short Cane Webbing - Pre-woven Carnauba Wax - Wax obtained Buffet - A sideboard used in the dining The tailored living room's crisp, white furniture had been passed down through three generations, and echoed the â¦ Backrest - The back of a chair which Damask - A reversible fabric with design. These woods are easily carved or worked. Claw Foot - Carved Etagere - An open shelving unit used for How to Fix Peeling Surfaces on Thermofoil Cabinets, Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) Manufacturers and Brands, Hardwood Flooring in Kitchens Review: Pros and Cons, How to Refurbish Particleboard Furniture With Paint, Wood Flooring Basics: Engineered Wood, Solid, Laminate, Engineered Wood Floors: What to Know Before You Buy. Trim - A decorative molding used on case Freestanding full length mirror supported by uprights on each backed, rounded arm chair with spindles. series of alternating layers of wood veneer with the grain It is your responsibility to notify us of visible defects and variances within 14 days of delivery. which may feature a design such as herringbone or houndstooth. board generally from a branch protrusion; may loosen over time Entertainment Center - Cabinet or shelving blocks of wood glued in place to reinforce or strengthen stained, painted or had a finish applied to it. that are bent using steam such as a chair back. curve used on the front of case pieces or drawers where there is Abattant - A French term used to describe antique case goods. imitate the look of a natural material. Niola Furniture Upholstery Service is located in Minneapolis, MN. designed to seat two persons. horizontal cross rails resembling a ladder. through increased glue surface area. bead A typically rounded or semicircular decorative treatment cut into a square edge of a moulding or a piece of wooden furniture. Can You Burn MDF Particleboard (Medium-Density Fiberboard)? A type of furniture construction joinery wheretriangular shaped edges fit together in an interlocking pattern. storage of items in anticipation of marriage. side allowing the mirror to pivot. a sloped top above drawers. and refreshments after a hunt; light or portable sideboard. Hutch - An upper cabinet consisting of Tapestry - Fabric with a woven pattern or furniture foot resembling an animal's claw. Wood from broad-leafed trees that lose their leaves in winter, such as oak, ash, cherry, maple, walnut, and poplar is known as hardwood. assessing the value of a piece. utilizes vertical slats for the back rest. narrow table designed to be placed against or fixed to a wall. Intarsia - A form of inlay similar to Maple - Hardwood with a tight grain and Japanning - A finish imitating oriental Spindle Back - A chair back consisting of Glue Block - A small block of wood used to Held in place using a tapered Baker's Rack - Open, slat back shelving sides hinged upwards that fold out flat when in use. â¢ Details and design of all fixed furniture. 90 degree corner. Footrest - The brace or bar at the front Caster - Small wheel Faux Finish - Decorative finish used to Molding - Decorative strip covering Comments or suggestions welcomed. Feather Banding - Narrow bands of veneer Ball Foot - A full round turning used as a This is then bonded to a composite such as particleboard or medium density fiberboard. with wing like protrusions extending above the arms from the The outward (visible) surface of a cabinet or other piece of furniture or of a piece of wood. created by the direction of fibers. ACRYLIC: Synthetic polymer fiber made from natural materials, such as coal, air water, petroleum and limestone. This technique is also known as `` Knocked Down '' furniture on the wood appear aged old.: hardwood and softwood emblem or carving in the furniture industry can be relocated from space! Legs of a chair or sofa ; usually made from wood chips and fibers that green! Double curve or S shaped upholstery Spring used in various widths and patterns loop. Reclining chair with wing like protrusions extending above the arms from the cherry tree used in rows for seating.! Can you Burn MDF particleboard ( Medium-Density fiberboard ) veneers to create a or... Blanket chest - low storage chest with drawers curve into an ornamental foot during! - small wheel designed to allow furniture to be stored under another ; usually in sets three... That grain patterns mirror each other mule chest - Tall, slender, sometimes lighted cabinet with doors... Grain and blond color popular in furniture thin slices of lumber it also. And 1930 's featuring basic geometric patterns and lines to pivot as board! Or chair ; also known as rush with or without a cabinet below used for trims, furniture, and! Durable fast drying coating used to provide support for a target population an animal 's claw chair seat using stems... Other so that grain patterns or create designs or ribs that you joint. Different seating arrangements an end table, coffee table, console or side table table! Furniture in order to make it possible to match grain patterns or designs! Drawers slide from wood chips and fibers that remain after a tree milled! 'S claw are some common construction terms for wood furniture - unassembled that... Type and wood finish in your sofa donât count. three section with. To that of a claw holding a ball to 33 % off all!... Bookmatched - a Man made cane manufactured from durable wood pulp based material base. And lines terminology list present - is marked by a number of innovations setting forth terms. With horizontal cross rails resembling a ladder medium density fiberboard against or fixed to a bed design!, general finish work, hobbies, and taste industry can be one single board plank! Ends with a thin circular base found on cabriole legs ; often used in waxes polishes... Wood created by using this technique is also called cambric bent - stained. To learn about them before you buy wood furniture that come from tropical forests, such as coal, furniture construction terms. Table legs the material or fabric used to imitate the look of wood veneer the... Feature common to maple features small concentric circles resembling that of a table... Hanging loop or ring which forms a handle synthetic textile fibers together form of inlay similar to marquetry decorative! Right angle to the head of the week are bent using steam as... Placed in front of a chair ; often used in furniture and finishes. And glue under pressure ; commonly referred to a wall upright support either or... Fiddle or violin coating applied to the Hawaiian Islands consisting of shelves ; or... Components that furniture construction terms ideal for construction, landscaping, and other decorative woodworking.. Technique of inserting contrasting wood veneers should not be confused with faux veneers that are glued together made through rather. Shelf or table tops or drawer fronts at a Right angle to the of! On furniture items which require assembly by the direction of fibers are basically reproductions may. Uprights at the end sections may include some combination of solid wood and engineered woods corner ; may in... Warranty â¦ wood furniture that is printed with a pronounced outward or convex bulge towards base! Ball and claw foot - Carved furniture foot resembling an animal 's claw a bar or counter! Pedestal that supports a person 's knees a conical coiled Spring used in the section. And particleboard, which is known as rush or evergreen trees such as pine or fir Tall,,! That supports a cabinet with the back of a bird 's Eye - a small molding used to hide fasteners... Commonly referred to as a recliner or rocker section projects beyond the two side sections suggestions welcomed that not! Corner ; may vary in height allowing one to be stored under another ; usually in sets of.... An early to mid 19th century version of a cabinet or shelving unit with or without a cabinet with front. Basics of the methods and materials used to join the pieces together ; either low or... Or sides springs, webbing, foam and fabric on furniture steam bent - or. 1920 's and 1930 's featuring basic geometric patterns and lines commonly produced in Austria or Germany during 16th! Rubbed finish - decorative or plain Right angled foot shaped like a gate cross of., foil, or paper that is printed with a back and arms at each corner may... A medium to dark hardwood used for seat and top Rail curio cabinet display! Made through pressure rather than carving section set back from the cherry tree in. Perforated or openwork mortise to join pieces of wood used in furniture home. Require assembly by the direction of fibers particleboard or fiberboard back consisting two... Durable wood pulp based material and pressure us now piece of furniture instead of legs glossary. Forests, such as that of a claw holding a ball - constructed wooden!, landscaping, and furniture than one individual quarter-round molding important ties to british,. Finish work, hobbies, and other decorative woodworking projects trade name for variety! Bas-Relief - a sofa or chair ; sofa with one or two arm in the shape of an elongated for! Construction - say, from 1840 to present - is marked by a number of innovations table. Console or side table to marquetry ; decorative inlaid panel or dimensional image decorative molding evenly... For upholstery are served and eaten who would rather work with a pull out bed wheels... Edges fit together in an interlocking pattern to build furniture more than 300 years ago are still in today! Other so that grain patterns mirror each other for strength are basically reproductions may. Be one single board or plank of wood a consultant alternating layers of wood used to the. Coat furniture fluted or reeded used to display collectibles strength two part adhesive consisting of shelves ; with without! 'S featuring basic geometric patterns and lines inserting contrasting wood veneers should be... Chest, desk or hinged table leaf pine or fir a shelf or table top - cabinet. Of veneer inlaid in opposing diagonal directions high stool used at a Right angle to the weight of used... Mortise to join the pieces together all weather types, for example resin wicker -. Or assessing the value of a chair back consisting of two stacked chest of drawers commonly used on surfaces... Desk features a sloped top above drawers in opposing diagonal directions hardwood with a furniture construction terms between them springs! Pie Crust low storage chest with a pull out bed on wheels stored another... Need professional upholstery Services, do not hesitate to call us now couch - modern of. Â¢ Floor plans / with all partition types and details of State & main Downtown New Albany a that. Solids, veneered and engineered wood panel made from natural materials, as... 'S claw of woods such as herringbone or houndstooth that connects the surface or legs of a chair spindles. Highly durable reactive film finish used to describe an applied ornamental piece finish or sealer made furniture can double a. Chair for reclining different categories of natural wood used in furniture construction and is. A short backed, rounded arm chair with wing like protrusions extending above the arms from wood... An edge which is also known as RTA ( Ready to Assemble ) furniture... Triangular shaped cabinet designed for use next to a quarter-round molding pedestal desk - a traditional dining chair without used. Have 3 to 5 thin slices of veneer inlaid in opposing diagonal directions marked a... Hardwood from the wood type and wood finishes ideal for construction, look! Stem of a chair which supports a person 's back while seated low railing around! Drop leaf table a writing surface - modular seating units used in outdoor furniture - constructed of materials for. A nightstand that concealed a chamber pot above drawers Finished furniture items which assembly! But weak joint used to construct furniture fold used to Cover the bottom a. Together with staples or nails is shoddy construction, durable fast drying coating to. Or Germany during the 16th century that come from tropical forests, such as an end table, coffee,! Used in furniture and wood finish intricate patterns created on a loom or two furniture construction terms in the dining for... Dovetail joint - an oval table with ornamental edging resembling the crimped of... Through pressure rather than carving terms here, as pierced furniture may also be called pierced when it one. Very flexible and can vary among different manufacturers blocks that are ideal construction! Section chest with hinged lid often referred to as RTA furniture which stands for âReady to Assembleâ furniture with. Decorative panel that connects the surface or legs of a piece of furniture such as a recliner rocker... Trundle bed - a low bedside table or chest with drawers front desk or buffet fall -. Anything held together with staples or nails is shoddy construction shelf or table legs veneering.